Future Opportunities for Bioeconomy

Focus on the West Nordic Region

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Achieving a high quality of waste plastic materials and recycling processes is a key challenge in closing the resource loops for plastics. This report reviews the status and trends for plastic waste flows and treatment in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Furthermore, it gives an overview of existing policy instruments and the main challenges for designing policy instruments for improved recycling of plastic waste in these Nordic countries. The report identifies potential market failures associated with closing the resource loops for plastics. It reviews the economics research literature on policy instrument design for achieving optimal recycling rates and makes policy recommendations from the Nordic perspective. Finally, it presents results from a survey on market conditions to managers in the recycling and plastic manufacturing industry in Sweden.



Nature based tourism in the West Nordic countries

Tourism in Faroe Island and Greenland is considered as a complementary and competitive destinations to Iceland, but according to tour operators interviewed, these two countries are thought to lack tourist infrastructure (Islandsstofa (Icelandic Tourist Board), 2013). Greenland was visited by 37,000 people in 2012, of which 50% came from Denmark. In addition approximately 30,000 tourists arrived with cruise ships. By international standards, relatively few tourists visit Greenland despite the country’s unique nature, culture and geography (Rambøll Management Consulting, 2014), however, this number of annual tourists exceeds the number of inhabitants in Greenland.


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