EPC in the Nordic Countries

EPC Nordic

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Energy Performance Contracting (EPC) is a contract model where an energy service provider – ESCO – map and implement profitable energy efficiency measures in buildings or installations. The ESCO guarantees reduction in energy use, and the reduced costs will finance the investments. The report describes the EPC markets in the Nordic countries, their characteristics, similarities and differences as well as the success factors and barriers. Many successful EPC projects have been implemented and positive experiences have been made. However, there is a large potential for further development of the EPC model with resulting energy savings and CO2 reductions in the Nordic countries. The report aim to provide recommendations for action for the successful development of the EPC market in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland and Iceland and possible cooperation to promote EPC in and between these countries.




Until the mid 2000s the EPC market in Denmark was rather limited and mostly focused on the industrial sector. However, since 2006 the market has had a significant growth based on a demand for energy renovation of municipal buildings. Energy requirements was introduced in building regulations from 1979, but approx. 75% of public buildings are constructed before 1979 and not living up to later requirements.


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