Energy efficiency in the Nordic building sector

Potentials and instruments

image of Energy efficiency in the Nordic building sector

There is an economic potential for increased energy efficiency in Nordic buildings. How much is however difficult to assess, partly because of insufficient energy statistics for buildings. Several barriers hinder the use of more efficient solutions when building and using buildings, e.g. lack of information, energy issues having low priority, and different incentives for builders, owners and users. Climate concerns and the need to secure energy supply are important drivers for energy efficiency policies. Promoting energy efficiency in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions might however induce large rebound effects causing total emissions to be reduced very little or not at all. This might be the case if reduced energy use in buildings is replaced with more emission intensive activities, like travel. To avoid this it is important to include all greenhouse gasses in tax or quota systems, and to restrain financial support to energy efficient investment in order not to make them too cheap.



Future potentials for energy savings

In this chapter we take a closer look at estimates of the potential to further increase the energy efficiency in buildings. The aim has been to identify the economical potential, i.e., savings that are economically attractive to the society up to 2020. The scope in identified studies do, however, differ in regard to their level of detail, potential identified (technical and/or economic) and time frame, and hence it has not been possible to find the total economic potential in the countries. Our assessment merely gives an indication of possible potentials to save energy in buildings in a ten year horizon.


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