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Validation and test of central concepts in positive work and organizational psychology

The second report from the Nordic project Positive factors at work

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Positive psychology is about studying and understanding positive psychological phenomena - the things that work for people, organizations and societies. The insights of positive psychology have also manifested themselves within work and organizational psychology. These trends have entailed a focus on more positive work-related phenomena, as for instance flow, work engagement, meaningfulness, and well-being at work. The aim of this report is to conduct a closer inspection of central concepts in positive work and organizational psychology. Firstly, the report assesses the validity of a series of measures of positive concepts and secondly, the report analyzes relationships between positive concepts and a series of positive individual and organizational outcomes. The analyses yield interesting findings that may contribute to a new working life research front with a strong potential generating knowledge that may prove useful in enhancing a healthy work environment.

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Abstract

The report is based on the results of the project “Positive Factors at Work” financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers. The project is a joint venture project between the Nordic countries of Norway (Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU); The Norwegian School of Management, BI), Sweden (Department of Psychology at Stockholm University), Denmark (The National Research Centre for the Working Environment in Denmark (NRCWE)), and Finland (The Finnish Institute of Occupational Health). The main aim of the study is to develop theory and methods on positive factors at work related to Nordic work environmental contexts. The aim has been twofold: firstly, to validate chosen measures of positive work factors in Scandinavian datasets, and secondly, to test our suggested working model of positive factors at work developed in the first report. The projects with included measurements have been presented in our first report on the Nordic project (http:// www.norden.org/en/publications/publications/2008-501).

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