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The Common Nordic Labour Market at 50

image of The Common Nordic Labour Market at 50

In 1954 the Nordic countries entered a formal agreement on free labour mobility. Migration profiles have changed very much over the years since then. The Nordic agreement on free mobility is however still a clear advantage, both for the affected individuals and for the participating countries. The report contains a survey of earlier studies of the impact from the Nordic labour market agreement, followed by a broad description of the actual mobility over the 50 years since 1954. Next, the report surveys the actual factors behind the intra-Nordic mobility with special emphasis on cyclical differences between the countries. This is followed by in-depth analyses of characteristics of intra-Nordic migrants compared with people migrating out of the Nordic area. The report contains a survey of earlier studies of the impact from the Nordic labour market agreement, followed by a broad description of the actual mobility over the 50 years since 1954. Next, the report surveys the actual factors behind the intra-Nordic mobility with special emphasis on cyclical differences between the countries. This is followed by in-depth analyses of characteristics of intra-Nordic migrants compared with people migrating out of the Nordic area.

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Summary

Free mobility of labour across national boarders was formalized by an agreement between Denmark, Finland, Island, Norway and Sweden in 1954. During the post war period this common labour market of the Nordic region has been unique within regard to the length of time it has been working and with regard to the level of freedom with which citizens have been able to move among the member countries. From a researcher’s point of view it has also been unique with regard to the availability of data regarding the flows of people and variables indicating the states of supply and demand in the labour markets of sending and receiving areas.

English

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