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The Common Nordic Labour Market at 50

image of The Common Nordic Labour Market at 50

In 1954 the Nordic countries entered a formal agreement on free labour mobility. Migration profiles have changed very much over the years since then. The Nordic agreement on free mobility is however still a clear advantage, both for the affected individuals and for the participating countries. The report contains a survey of earlier studies of the impact from the Nordic labour market agreement, followed by a broad description of the actual mobility over the 50 years since 1954. Next, the report surveys the actual factors behind the intra-Nordic mobility with special emphasis on cyclical differences between the countries. This is followed by in-depth analyses of characteristics of intra-Nordic migrants compared with people migrating out of the Nordic area. The report contains a survey of earlier studies of the impact from the Nordic labour market agreement, followed by a broad description of the actual mobility over the 50 years since 1954. Next, the report surveys the actual factors behind the intra-Nordic mobility with special emphasis on cyclical differences between the countries. This is followed by in-depth analyses of characteristics of intra-Nordic migrants compared with people migrating out of the Nordic area.

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A survey of earlier studies of intra Nordic migration flows

During the post war period the common labour market of the Nordic region has been unique within the western world in at least two respects: The length of time it has been working and the level of freedom with which Nordic citizens have been able to move among the member countries. From a researcher’s point of view it has also been unique with regard to the availability of data regarding the flows of people and variables indicating the states of supply and demand in the labour markets of sending and receiving areas. For a long time the Nordic countries have constituted a region without any significant institutional barriers to labour mobility across national borders. Considering this background it is not surprising that a number of empirical studies have been carried out regarding the Nordic labour market.

English

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