A literature review on the relationship between resources, employees well-being and performance with specific attention to Nordic issues

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The main objective of the report is to review the international, quantitative literature on the effects of individual, task, social, group, leader and organizational factors on both employee well-being and performance at work. We also report the results of national workshops in Nordic countries, which provide practitioners ideas on workplace initiatives to improve employee well-being and performance. From our literature review, we conclude that individual and organizational factors are more often related to both employee outcomes than group or leadership factors. Employee performance was found to be a stronger outcome than employee well-being for all workplace factors. National workshops indicate that initiatives can develop factors to improve well-being and performance. We conclude with a model that identifies the different factors that promote employee well-being and performance.



Results from European Longitudinal Studies

This chapter considers how European diary and longitudinal studies have identified resources related to both employee well-being and performance outcomes. Workplace resources are shown below and are divided into the four IGLO levels. The European longitudinal studies identify resources at the individual and organizational level. There was no direct evidence found in European longitudinal studies for group-level and leader-level resources. A summary of indirect effects between different resources and employee outcomes is also presented. An overview of the European longitudinal studies included in the literature review is presented in Table 3 below. A summary of the results from the European longitudinal studies is also presented in Table 4 at the end of this chapter.


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