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Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region

Part-time work, gender and economic distribution in the Nordic countries

image of Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region

Gender equality in the labour market is a key topic in the Nordic cooperation on gender equality. The Nordic Council of Ministers has asked NIKK, Nordic Information on Gender, to coordinate the project Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region. The aim of the project is to shed light on and analyse part-time work in the Nordic region, develop reports and arrange conferences. During the Swedish presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2013, the project identified how part-time work affects the economic resources of women and men. This first report presents statistics on full- and part-time work and compares the effects of part-time work on pensions in the Nordic countries. Marianne Sundström, professor of labour economics at Stockholm University, and Alma Lanninger Wennemo, Master’s student at Stockholm University, wrote the report on a request by NIKK.

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Introduction

The purpose of this report is to describe part-time employment among women and men in the Nordic countries with particular regard to the labour-market and economic situation of part-time workers as compared to full-time workers. This is motivated from the perspective of gender equality since in these countries part-time work is much more common among women than men. Comparing the Nordic countries in this respect is of interest since they are generally seen as forerunners when it comes to gender equality and, to our knowledge, there is no previous comparative study of full-time and part-time work among women and men in all five Nordic countries.1 Moreover, we are not aware of any study, for any country, that compares male part-time workers with male full-time workers and female part-time workers, respectively.

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