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Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region

Part-time work, gender and economic distribution in the Nordic countries

image of Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region

Gender equality in the labour market is a key topic in the Nordic cooperation on gender equality. The Nordic Council of Ministers has asked NIKK, Nordic Information on Gender, to coordinate the project Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region. The aim of the project is to shed light on and analyse part-time work in the Nordic region, develop reports and arrange conferences. During the Swedish presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2013, the project identified how part-time work affects the economic resources of women and men. This first report presents statistics on full- and part-time work and compares the effects of part-time work on pensions in the Nordic countries. Marianne Sundström, professor of labour economics at Stockholm University, and Alma Lanninger Wennemo, Master’s student at Stockholm University, wrote the report on a request by NIKK.

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Forecasted pensions for typical cases of full-time and part-time workers in the Nordic countries

To obtain rough but comparable estimates for the Nordic countries of how much part-time work affects pensions, we constructed a couple of typical cases, the same for all countries. With the aim of obtaining cases that, within each occupation and country, differ only in the extent to which they work part time we made some simplifying assumptions. In addition, we made a minimum number of assumptions necessary to do the computations.10 Thus, the differences in impact of part-time work on pensions across the Nordic countries will depend mainly on the design of the pension systems. We compute and add up all public pensions in the countries, including basic pensions, earnings-related public pensions and occupational pensions. Since the pension systems differ across countries, these different types of pensions make up different shares of the forecasted pensions in the countries.

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