Nordic Labour Markets and the Sharing Economy

Report from a Pilot Project

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This report presents a preliminary knowledge status about implications of the sharing economy for labour markets and employment relations in the Nordic countries. It also reviews how the Nordic countries and their social partners approach the sharing economy and issues relating, amongst other, to its legality, regulation, taxation, and terms of competition. There is so far scant supply of statistics, data and research in this field. The employment potentials and consequences of the sharing economy will, amongst other, depend on the governments’ and the organized actors’ responses to these challenges. Currently, all the actors seem to be in a phase of knowledge gathering and deliberation of possible policy options, cautiously avoiding taking steps that might obstruct the development of the sharing economy.




Platform work is a relatively new field of study and developments take place almost weekly. This review is an update of the main developments since the report “Nordic Labour Markets and the Sharing Economy – Report from a Pilot Project” (Dølvik & Jesnes, 2017: 508) was published a year ago. This updated version of the report builds on observations of recent policy developments, policy papers, newly published research, and the conference “Shaping the Future of Work in the Nordic Countries – the Impacts of the Sharing Economy and New Forms of Work” held in Oslo, 22–23 May 2017. Organized by the Norwegian Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, in collaboration with Fafo, this was the second out of four annual Nordic conferences leading up to the Future of Work debate on ILO’s centenary anniversary in 2019. Hosting prominent international keynote speakers, the conference gathered more than 100 participants from politics, public authorities, social partners, business, researchers and experts from all of the Nordic countries and beyond. Funding the conference, the Norwegian Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, together with the Nordic Council of Ministers, also provided financial support for this updated review aimed to stimulate dialogue across Nordic boundaries and to provide basis for Nordic input to the ILO Future of Work process.


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