Nordic Labour Markets and the Sharing Economy

Report from a Pilot Project

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This report presents a preliminary knowledge status about implications of the sharing economy for labour markets and employment relations in the Nordic countries. It also reviews how the Nordic countries and their social partners approach the sharing economy and issues relating, amongst other, to its legality, regulation, taxation, and terms of competition. There is so far scant supply of statistics, data and research in this field. The employment potentials and consequences of the sharing economy will, amongst other, depend on the governments’ and the organized actors’ responses to these challenges. Currently, all the actors seem to be in a phase of knowledge gathering and deliberation of possible policy options, cautiously avoiding taking steps that might obstruct the development of the sharing economy.




This report is the product of a pilot project funded by a grant of DKK 250,000 from the Labour Market Committee of the Nordic Council of Ministers. This support enabled Fafo to invite a group of researchers from the Nordic countries to prepare brief national background reports and take part in a two day workshop in Oslo, 26–27 September 2016. By taking stock of available knowledge and research about work in the Nordic sharing economies and the approaches that governments and organizations adopt to influence the platform labour markets’ further development, the aim was to facilitate information exchange and provide a better knowledge base for developing future Nordic studies in this area. The Nordic research group has consisted of Antti Saloniemi (University of Tampere), Per Kongshøj Madsen and Stine Rasmussen (CARMA, Aalborg University), and Anna Ilsøe (FAOS/University of Copenhagen), Bertil Rolandsson, Jesper Peterson, and Tomas Berglund (University of Gothenburg), Katrín Ólafsdóttir (Reykjavik University School of Business), and Jon Erik Dølvik and Kristin Jesnes (Fafo, Oslo). Each national team received a fee of DKK 12,000 for their contributions to the study. As explained in the national background reports, there was at the time of writing great variation in the availability of research based knowledge about the labour market implications of the sharing economy in the Nordic countries. The researchers got the opportunity to update the country reports before November 2016. There might therefore be recent policy developments in this area that are not covered in these reports. The national background reports (Nordic Working Papers, 2017: 904) can be downloaded at http://dx.doi.org/10.6027/NA2017-904


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