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Nordic Labour Markets and the Sharing Economy

Report from a Pilot Project

image of Nordic Labour Markets and the Sharing Economy

This report presents a preliminary knowledge status about implications of the sharing economy for labour markets and employment relations in the Nordic countries. It also reviews how the Nordic countries and their social partners approach the sharing economy and issues relating, amongst other, to its legality, regulation, taxation, and terms of competition. There is so far scant supply of statistics, data and research in this field. The employment potentials and consequences of the sharing economy will, amongst other, depend on the governments’ and the organized actors’ responses to these challenges. Currently, all the actors seem to be in a phase of knowledge gathering and deliberation of possible policy options, cautiously avoiding taking steps that might obstruct the development of the sharing economy.

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Platform work in the Nordic countries: A review of recent developments 2017–2018

The TemaNord report Nordic labour markets and the sharing economy – report from a pilot project (Dølvik & Jesnes, 2017: 508) describes the status of knowledge about work in the emerging Nordic sharing economies. In this updated version of the report, we apply the terms platform economy and platform work, which we consider more appropriate to describe the new forms of work mediated through digital platforms. The platform economy as a field of research is rapidly evolving. Nordic governments have established investigative committees and advisory councils, issued reports, financed research and started shaping policies aimed at facilitating the evolution of these novel labour market agents and their integration into the Nordic models. The aim of this review is to provide information about the main developments in the field since the pilot report was published one year ago, and, in line with the Future of Work conference held in Oslo, 22–23 May 2017, to relate the debates on platform work to the broader discussions about digitalization and the future of work. First, we review recent research findings regarding the scope, pace of growth, and heterogeneity of platform work. Second, we revisit some of the past year’s policy developments and the main points from the conference discussions between academics and social partners regarding approaches to regulation and governance of platform work. As platform work is part of broader transformations of work, we, finally, review the conference discussions about the impact of digitalization on the labour market and the need for further knowledge about the changes such trends might lead to in Nordic working lives.

English

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