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Nordic Labour Markets and the Sharing Economy

Report from a Pilot Project

image of Nordic Labour Markets and the Sharing Economy

This report presents a preliminary knowledge status about implications of the sharing economy for labour markets and employment relations in the Nordic countries. It also reviews how the Nordic countries and their social partners approach the sharing economy and issues relating, amongst other, to its legality, regulation, taxation, and terms of competition. There is so far scant supply of statistics, data and research in this field. The employment potentials and consequences of the sharing economy will, amongst other, depend on the governments’ and the organized actors’ responses to these challenges. Currently, all the actors seem to be in a phase of knowledge gathering and deliberation of possible policy options, cautiously avoiding taking steps that might obstruct the development of the sharing economy.

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Concluding remarks – how to bridge the knowledge gap?

In this pilot project report, we have emphasized that the platform economy in the Nordic countries is still in its infant stage. As it matures and grows, it is likely to alter interest constellations, terms of competition, and power relations among the affected working life actors. When labour standards, pay, and indirect labour costs are becoming more central parameters of competition in product markets as well as labour markets, the lines of interest coalescing and conflict will often cut across traditional divisions among employers and labour. In adapting regulatory and institutional systems, the overarching challenge facing the Nordic stakeholders is to strike the right balance between the quests for growth and innovation, on the one hand, and for equality and institutional stability, on the other.

English

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