Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries

Patterns of migration, working conditions and recruitment practices

image of Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries

This report presents the results from a project that has aimed to generate new comparative knowledge about labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe to the Nordic countries, the factors that shape wage and working conditions for labour migrants and recruitment processes and practices. In the report we:

- Describe and compare patterns of labour migration between Central and Eastern Europe and the Nordic countries.

- Compare the working conditions of Polish labour migrants in in Oslo, Copenhagen and Reykjavik – and analyse how their labour market situation is shaped by variations in national regulations, systems of collective bargaining and local labour market structures.

- Analyse the particular role of recruitment agencies in introducing new migrants to the Nordic labour markets.

The research has been conducted by a team of researchers from Fafo (Norway), FAOS (Denmark), CIRRA/MIRRA (Iceland), CMR (Poland) and SOFI (Sweden).



The rise and fall of temporary staffing agencies in Iceland

Temporary staffing agency – TSA- has a short but intense history in Iceland and only made a significant appearance in the new millennium.64 However, the entrance of temporary staffing into the Icelandic labor market was characterized by sudden very noisy and sharp increase and almost as sudden and sharp but quiet decline. Moreover, the development of temporary staffing is marked by severe conflicts that reached the highest levels of political, economic and social power in the country. At the core of these conflicts were disputes over the need for regulatory framework embracing the operations of temporary staffing agencies on the one hand and allegations of social dumping and other workers abuse on the other.


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