Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries

Patterns of migration, working conditions and recruitment practices

image of Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries

This report presents the results from a project that has aimed to generate new comparative knowledge about labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe to the Nordic countries, the factors that shape wage and working conditions for labour migrants and recruitment processes and practices. In the report we:

- Describe and compare patterns of labour migration between Central and Eastern Europe and the Nordic countries.

- Compare the working conditions of Polish labour migrants in in Oslo, Copenhagen and Reykjavik – and analyse how their labour market situation is shaped by variations in national regulations, systems of collective bargaining and local labour market structures.

- Analyse the particular role of recruitment agencies in introducing new migrants to the Nordic labour markets.

The research has been conducted by a team of researchers from Fafo (Norway), FAOS (Denmark), CIRRA/MIRRA (Iceland), CMR (Poland) and SOFI (Sweden).



Temporary agency work and labor migration to Sweden

The temporary agency sector has in most countries a relatively short history. Until the 1990s, temporary employment agencies and private for profit employment agencies were prohibited in many countries or regulated in such a way that their activities remained at a very low level. A deregulation of the sector was made in many countries during the 1990s including Sweden, which has very few rules for temporary agencies and private employment services besides those that apply to all employers. The main exception is that temp agencies are not allowed to charge workers for finding them a job.


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