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Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries

Patterns of migration, working conditions and recruitment practices

image of Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries

This report presents the results from a project that has aimed to generate new comparative knowledge about labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe to the Nordic countries, the factors that shape wage and working conditions for labour migrants and recruitment processes and practices. In the report we:

- Describe and compare patterns of labour migration between Central and Eastern Europe and the Nordic countries.

- Compare the working conditions of Polish labour migrants in in Oslo, Copenhagen and Reykjavik – and analyse how their labour market situation is shaped by variations in national regulations, systems of collective bargaining and local labour market structures.

- Analyse the particular role of recruitment agencies in introducing new migrants to the Nordic labour markets.



The research has been conducted by a team of researchers from Fafo (Norway), FAOS (Denmark), CIRRA/MIRRA (Iceland), CMR (Poland) and SOFI (Sweden).

English

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New patterns of migration from Central and Eastern Europe to the Nordic countries: Introduction

In the wake of two consecutive eastward enlargements of the European Union in 2004 and 2007 the Nordic countries have attracted considerable numbers of labour migrants from the new EU member states in Central and Eastern Europe (EU8+2). However, the magnitude and composition of migration flows have varied considerably between the different Nordic countries. The aim of this first part of the report is to describe these new patterns of migration to the Nordic countries and provide some explanation for the differences between the Nordic countries. As background and contextualisation for the overall project, we will compare and analyse the composition, volume and direction of macro flows as well as the dynamics and driving forces behind these new patterns of international mobility.

English

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