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Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries

Patterns of migration, working conditions and recruitment practices

image of Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries

This report presents the results from a project that has aimed to generate new comparative knowledge about labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe to the Nordic countries, the factors that shape wage and working conditions for labour migrants and recruitment processes and practices. In the report we:

- Describe and compare patterns of labour migration between Central and Eastern Europe and the Nordic countries.

- Compare the working conditions of Polish labour migrants in in Oslo, Copenhagen and Reykjavik – and analyse how their labour market situation is shaped by variations in national regulations, systems of collective bargaining and local labour market structures.

- Analyse the particular role of recruitment agencies in introducing new migrants to the Nordic labour markets.



The research has been conducted by a team of researchers from Fafo (Norway), FAOS (Denmark), CIRRA/MIRRA (Iceland), CMR (Poland) and SOFI (Sweden).

English

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Introduction and summary

In the wake of two consecutive eastward enlargements of the European Union in 2004 and 2007, which triggered the largest mass movements of people on the European continent since WWII, the Nordic countries have attracted considerable numbers of labour migrants from the new EU member states in Central and Eastern Europe. This has substantially changed the migratory landscape in the Nordic countries, as well as the functioning and parametres of migrant intensive labour markets. After being dominated by humanitarian flows of migrants from outside Europe, labour migration is once again a dominant feature of migration flows to all the Nordic countries, giving rise to new challenges as well as opportunities for Nordic labour markets and societies. The purpose of this report is to analyse the patterns of labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe to the Nordic countries, the factors that shape their working conditions and working environment in the different receiving country labour markets – including the extent and nature of social dumping – and in particular the role of recruitment agencies in the introduction of labour migrants to the Nordic labour market.

English

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