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Labour Market Mobility in Nordic Welfare States

image of Labour Market Mobility in Nordic Welfare States

The report focuses on labour market mobility during the period 2000-2006 in four Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The purpose is to study rates and determinants of mobility and how differences in the institutional settings in the four countries affect mobility outcomes. Especially, the institutional mix that is contained in the concept "flexicurity" has been in focus. Mobility types studied are: Transitions between labour market statuses. Transitions into and out of atypical employment. Workplace mobility, occupational mobility and mobility between industries. Data used are the Labour Force Surveys (LFS). Their panel structure has been utilized to measure changes in labour market situation after one year. The main conclusion is that the Danish flexicurity nexus leads to high mobility rates on the labour market. However, the study reveals high levels also in Norway. In general, Finland and Sweden shows lower mobility rates than the two other countries.

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Conclusion

The purpose of the present study has been to investigate patterns of labour market mobility that characterise four Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. In many studies and discussions of labour markets and welfare states the Nordic countries are regarded as constituting a specific Nordic regime with great internal similarities. However, in the wake of the interest in the Danish flexicurity model, questions have been raised as to whether it is only a Danish phenomenon or whether flexicurity is something that also characterises other Nordic countries. In international comparisons evaluating flexicurity profiles, similarities in the institutional frameworks of the Nordic countries have been found (European Commission 2006; Muffels 2008). Yet when studying the institutional framework in more detail, important differences emerge between the countries that could affect the flexibility and security on the four labour markets.

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