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Europe and the Nordic Collective-Bargaining Model

The Complex Interaction between Nordic and European Labour Law

image of Europe and the Nordic Collective-Bargaining Model

One of the special features of the Nordic countries is that the determination of wages and working conditions is largely left up to the negotiations between the social partners. The purpose of this report is to illuminate a number of the challenges faced by the labour-law systems of the Nordic countries in the light of an increasingly well-developed European law system.The first part of the report was prepared by Dr. Jur. Jens Kristiansen, the editor-in-chief, and focuses on a number of the general challenges facing the labour-law systems of the Nordic countries in the form of European rules and court decisions.The second part of the report was prepared by various representatives of employer and employee organisations in the Nordic countries and illustrates some of the challenges faced by the social partners in their interaction with the European court system and the way in which these challenges have been addressed in the individual countries.

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Laval, the Swedish System of Collective Bargaining and Professionals

The autonomy of the social partners and the impact of EU law on the national systems of collective bargaining and national wage formation became the focus of the whole of Europe when the European Court of Justice (ECJ) notified its judgment in the Laval case in December 2007 (C-341/05 Laval, ECLI:EU:C:2007:809). The case was about the collective-agreement demands that can be made for workers temporarily posted by their employer to another Member State outside their home country. It concentrated primarily on the interpretation of the Posting of Workers Directive (Directive 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services), but also the provisions in the Treaty on the free movement of services.

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