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Comparative study of legislation and legal practices in the Nordic countries concerning labour inspection

image of Comparative study of legislation and legal practices in the Nordic countries concerning labour inspection

The objective of this study was to find out how legislation and legal practices concerning labour inspections differ in the Nordic countries. To accomplish this, individual eports on each Nordic country were made. Three areas concerning labour inspection were investigated in each report: An examination on how labour inspection is administered in order to gain an insight into how labour inspection is governed in each country. Secondly, the scope of legislation concerning labour inspection was examined to establish whether the Labour Inspection Authorities in the Nordic countries are expected to enforce only legislation concerning occupational safety and health, working conditions in general, or whether the Authorities have been additionally entrusted other duties, e.g. enforcement with the terms and conditions of employment of workers. Furthermore, it was also examined to whom the legislation applies and the content of the provisions of the legislation. Finally, the follow-up systems of the labour inspection legislation were examined.

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Report on Finland

The Finnish legal framework of occupational health and safety is based on two fundamental laws, the Occupational Safety and Health Act No. 738/2002 and Act on Occupational Safety and Health Enforcement and Co-operation on Occupational Safety and Health in Workplaces No. 44/2006. The former regulates the general safety in work as related to, for example, employer’s general obligations, co-operation between employers and employees, provisions on working conditions and design of workplaces and exposure to chemicals etc. The objectives of the Occupational Safety and Health Act are to improve the working environment and working conditions in order to ensure and maintain the working capacity of employees as well as to prevent occupational accidents and diseases and eliminate other hazards from work and the working environment to the physical and mental health. The Act on Occupational Safety and Health Enforcement and Co-operation on Occupational Safety and Health at Work (hereafter the Act of Enforcement) provides the procedure to be followed by occupational safety and health authorities in monitoring compliance with the Act. This Act is divided into three parts, first general provisions and authority enforcement, then cooperation on occupational safety and health and lastly appeal, notification, obligations, penal provisions, and miscellaneous provisions. Below is a description of the roles and functions of the Administration of occupational health and safety.

English

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