Nordic Prison Education

A Lifelong Learning Perspective

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Since the 1970s, a variety of multilateral environmental agreements have been created to promote the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. However, these institutions have not been created systematically, but rather on an ad hoc basis as different aspects of biodiversity loss have come to the centre of international concern. Consequently, this has led to the inability of the current institutions to address biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation in a coherent and effective manner. In this report an initial biodiversity cluster is outlined and 12 recommendations are provided for enhancing synergies between the MEAs in the cluster. Most importantly, the report shows that the contracting parties of the MEAs in the biodiversity cluster need to work more closely together to indentify synergistic solutions that meet national needs. The report also highlights that it is not sufficient alone to make existing institutions work more closely together, but points out a missing institutional structure that needs to be addressed. An independent science policy platform is required to provide the MEAs in the biodiversity cluster with timely and scientifically credible advice for achieving more coherent and effective decision-making.



Descriptions of prison education in the Nordic Countries

Chapter 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 describes the five Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden separately. In this chapter, each section is divided into subsections accounting for historical developments from the mid-nineteenth century until the present day, the legislation and regulatory documents applying to prison education, the educational options currently available, and the transition arrangements in anticipation of release and return to society. The concluding subsection of each section details the costs of prison education, the sources of funding, and the results achieved. The statistics and research results referred to mainly come from national reports not available in English. These references are given in brackets in the running text, at first occurrence, by their author and year of publication and with an English equivalent title, by way of information. They are detailed in the bibliography in their original languages, see page 213.


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