The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic and Baltic Environmental Policy 2001-2005

image of The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic and Baltic Environmental Policy 2001-2005

This new report commissioned by the Environment and Finance Group of the Nordic Council of Ministers continues the tradition of reviewing the use of economic instruments in environmental policy in the Nordic countries by providing a comprehensive overview. At the same time, this report extends the country coverage and content of the report. The application of economic instruments is not only discussed for the five Nordic countries, but also for the three Baltic countries. In addition, a discussion on the opportunities and shortcomings associated with the use of economic instruments in the field of environmental policy has been undertaken. The report is a follow-up of the previous five reviews – the last was published in 2002 (TemaNord 2002:581) – and discusses the latest development of the application of economic instruments covering the time period 2001-2005.



Developments in Nordic and Baltic countries: Denmark

Over the past two decades, Danish energy policy has been strongly influenced by environmental policy objectives. These environmental policy objectives are expressed in the ambitious Kyoto targets where Denmark has made a commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 21 percent (2008–2012). At regular intervals, the Danish government prepares and implements national energy plans and legislation in the field of energy supply. Energy Strategy 2025, presented by the Ministry of Energy in June 2005, is the latest example of these national energy plans (Danish Energy Authority, 2005e).


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