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State of the Nordic Region 2020

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State of the Nordic Region 2020 gives you a unique look behind the scenes of the world's most integrated region, comprised of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, along with the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland. The report presents a series of facts and figures showing the current state of play within core socioeconomic sectors, including demography, labour market and economy. In addition, you can read about wellbeing and energy pathways towards a carbon neutral Nordic Region. State of the Nordic Region 2020 is published by the Nordic Council of Ministers and produced by Nordregio, an international research center for regional development and planning established by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

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Wellbeing in The Nordic Region

In international rankings of human development, wellbeing and quality of life, the Nordic countries tend to score very well. The European Quality of Life Survey (2016), the OECD Better Life Index (2017) and OECD Health at Glance (2018) show that the Nordic countries are top performers in terms of wellbeing and quality of life, and the World Happiness Report22 shows that the Nordic countries are performing at the top with Finland in first place, followed by Denmark in second, Norway in third, Iceland in fourth and Sweden in seventh (Helliwell, Layard & Sachs, 2019). In order to assess human progress and development, the UN Development Programme (UNDP) has been using the Human Development Index (HDI) since 1990 (Figure 10.1). This index focuses on three dimensions; life expectancy at birth; knowledge measured by years of schooling; and a decent standard of living measured by gross national income per capita.

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