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Nordic Economic Policy Review

Economics of Education

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The Nordic Economic Policy Review is published by the Nordic Council of Ministers and addresses policy issues in a way that is useful for in-formed non-specialists as well as for professional economists. All articles are commissioned from leading professional economists and are subject to peer review prior to publication. The review appears twice a year. The journal is distributed free of charge to the members of the Nordic economic associations. The easiest way to subscribe to the NEPR is therefore to become a member of one of these associations, i.e.: Denmark: Nationaløkonomisk Forening Finland: Taloustieteellinen Yhdistys Norway: Samfunnsøkonomene Sweden: Nationalekonomiska Föreningen. For institutional subscriptions, please contact [email protected] Content: Economics of education: Policies and effects - Anders Björklund and Peter Fredriksson Long-term effects of early childhood care and education - Christopher Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel Comment by Tarjei Havnes Recruiting, retaining, and creating quality teachers - C. Kirabo Jackson Comment by Torberg Falch On the margin of success? Effects of expanding higher education for marginal students - Björn Öckert Comment by Torbjørn Hægeland Gender differences in education - Tuomas Pekkarinen Comment by Anna Sjögren Educating children of immigrants: Closing the gap in Norwegian schools - Bernt Bratsberg, Oddbjørn Raaum and Knut Røed Comment by Lena Nekby The effects of education on health and mortality - Bhashkar Mazumder Comment by Kjell G. Salvanes

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The effects of education on health and mortality

This article reviews recent studies on the effects of education on health and mortality, focusing on studies that might plausibly yield causal estimates. The best evidence from studies that use compulsory schooling laws as a source of identification provides little support for a causal link. Other credible research designs have in some cases yielded promising results of a causal effect, but more research is needed to supplement these studies. Recent comprehensive analyses using either statistical decompositions or a developmental model of how early life endowments give rise to health disparities complement the studies that have relied on narrowly focused experimental evaluations. Another innovation in the literature that shows promise for future analysis includes the use of school quality measures.

English

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