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Nordic Economic Policy Review

Economics of Education

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The Nordic Economic Policy Review is published by the Nordic Council of Ministers and addresses policy issues in a way that is useful for in-formed non-specialists as well as for professional economists. All articles are commissioned from leading professional economists and are subject to peer review prior to publication. The review appears twice a year. The journal is distributed free of charge to the members of the Nordic economic associations. The easiest way to subscribe to the NEPR is therefore to become a member of one of these associations, i.e.: Denmark: Nationaløkonomisk Forening Finland: Taloustieteellinen Yhdistys Norway: Samfunnsøkonomene Sweden: Nationalekonomiska Föreningen. For institutional subscriptions, please contact [email protected] Content: Economics of education: Policies and effects - Anders Björklund and Peter Fredriksson Long-term effects of early childhood care and education - Christopher Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel Comment by Tarjei Havnes Recruiting, retaining, and creating quality teachers - C. Kirabo Jackson Comment by Torberg Falch On the margin of success? Effects of expanding higher education for marginal students - Björn Öckert Comment by Torbjørn Hægeland Gender differences in education - Tuomas Pekkarinen Comment by Anna Sjögren Educating children of immigrants: Closing the gap in Norwegian schools - Bernt Bratsberg, Oddbjørn Raaum and Knut Røed Comment by Lena Nekby The effects of education on health and mortality - Bhashkar Mazumder Comment by Kjell G. Salvanes

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On the margin of success? Effects of expanding higher education for marginal students

This paper reviews the empirical evidence on the effects of marginal changes in (i) college tuition/grants, (ii) college proximity and (iii) admission standards, respectively, on college enrollment, graduation and labor market performance. It also provides evidence on the marginal return to potential policy changes in Sweden. The review shows that reducing college costs as well as expanding college regionally may have sizable effects on college attendance. The empirical results for Sweden suggest that students from weaker backgrounds – and those with the richest parents – have a higher return to college. It also shows that those who go to college due to college proximity may have relatively high returns. Further, the return to college is highest among top students, why attracting them to college may be worthwhile.

English

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