Travel Guide. Traces of the Cold War

The Countries around the Baltic Sea

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This travel guide describes selected important historical relics,sites and museums in the Baltic Sea region telling the history ofthe Cold War period. There is public access to nearly all the sitesincluded in the book. It covers places such as missile bases, large artillery batteries,secret police prisons, closed military towns, partisan bunkers,execution and burial sites, nuclear bunker complexes, secretprinting houses, former Soviet sculptures and architecture alongwith many of the sites where important events took place, such asdemonstrations, freedom struggles etc. The museums described recount the histories of the Berlin Wall,the military build-up in both East and West, the military crises,the terror of Stalin and the Communist secret police, the armedand unarmed resistance in former Soviet countries and its satellitestates, the deportations of slave labourers to remote parts ofthe Soviet Union, the deportations to the GULAG camps and thestruggles for freedom from Communist regimes in Estonia, Latvia,Lithuania, Poland, East Germany and Russia.




Lithuania was independent from 1918 until 1940 and then occupied from 1940 until it re-established its independence in 1990. Lithuania was occupied from 1940 until 1941 by the Soviet Union as a result of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. Red Army troops crossed the Lithuanian border on 15 June 1940.


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