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Megatrends

image of Megatrends

The current pace of global change has already had a decisive impact on the Arctic. To understand the current and likely future situation in the Arctic it is important to acknowledge the pre-conditions, challenges and tendencies at work here. Some of these developments should be characterised as megatrends because they overarch and impact on everything else. They are trends deemed so powerful that they have the potential to transform society across social categories and at all levels, from individuals and local-level players to global structures, and eventually to change our ways of living and thinking.

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Private – Public relations

In most parts of the Arctic the public sector still tends to dominate the economy. The reasons for this often differ – geopolitical considerations, colonial characteristics, regional policies etc – but the consequences have nevertheless been quite similar: a large public sector with the state and regional authorities involved in most regulation and planning measures. Map 11 provides a good illustration of this situation, showing the distribution of jobs between the public and the private sectors.

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