Table of Contents

  • Swedish

    The Nordic region includes some of the most developed and mature waste management systems in Europe, with various aspects of the waste and resource management industry in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland rightly being seen as world-leading. Although there is still much to do in the island nations to develop advanced waste management systems, the region as a whole is widely regarded as being at the forefront of tackling the key environmental, social and economic issues associated with inefficient resource use. Notable cross cutting issues for current waste management for the Nordic Nations include, to a greater or lesser extent by country, a mismatch between the current waste infrastructure and the infrastructure required to meet the recycling aspirations outlined in national waste strategies (and EU waste targets), and the challenges posed in delivering an efficient waste management system for rural populations and/or in extreme winter weather conditions.

  • This report provides an analysis of the regulatory framework in Nordic countries and its effect on waste prevention and recycling in the region. In addition, the report looks forward towards the revised European Union Waste Framework Directive targets and policy recommendations are made in context of these.

  • Of the Nordic countries, Denmark, Finland and Sweden are full members of the European Union, whilst Norway and Iceland are members of the EEA. The Ă…land Islands are EU members with some derogations due the islands’ special status. Greenland is subject to the EU treaties through association of Overseas Countries and Territories with the EU. This was permitted by the Greenland Treaty. The Faroe Islands, a self-governing nation within the Kingdom of Denmark, are not part of the EU.

  • This section provides detail on the waste management in each Nordic country covered, including detail on past and current performance, policies and challenges. Waste data, where available, is also presented for each country and clearly labelled as to which the waste streams covered, since it was not always possible to obtain data which aligned with the municipal waste definition outlined within the WFD. In many cases this covers just household waste. The approach to these sections relies upon the use of country experts and as a strategic piece of work aims to give an overview of the key policies rather than being entirely comprehensive, therefore any errors or omissions should not detract from the overall methodology and conclusions drawn.

  • This section contains analysis of each of the main policy areas, drawing upon the econometric analysis, and then makes recommendations for future action.