Table of Contents

  • Norwegian

    The Nordic ministries and regulators aim to harmonise the electricity retail markets to reduce market entry barriers for retailers from the other Nordic countries, hence promoting competition and customer choice and reduced costs of operating in different national markets. Nordic Energy Research, on behalf of the Electricity Market Group, gave THEMA Consulting Group the task of analysing how the datahub projects can support the harmonisation process, and determine if there are recommendations regarding further adjustments of data exchange. More specifically, the study should meet the following objectives

  • The Nordic countries are currently implementing supplier-centric market processes and datahubs, as part of the work towards harmonising the Nordic electricity market. Under NordREG’s vision, all Nordic electricity customers enjoy free choice of suppliers and energy service companies, efficient and competitive prices, and reliable supply and energy services (NordREG, 2014a). To accomplish this, NordREG is currently working to reduce barriers to competition and to ensure that customers have the necessary tools to make informed choices and benefit from competition (Nordic Ediel Group, 2014). The harmonisation of retail market processes is one important step to improve competition, as it allows retailers from one country to easily provide their service in another Nordic country. It is, however, not the aim of NordREG and the Nordic ministries to implement a single retail market.

  • In this chapter, we describe the status of the national retail market regulations in light of the NordREG recommendations for more harmonised end-user markets in the Nordic region.

  • All datahubs have the common task of giving suppliers a central access point for all metering data of their customers, thus removing the need to talk to each DSO directly. The implementation of datahubs across Europe differs widely between different countries, but in the Nordics, there is a very similar approach. In this chapter, we give a high-level and non-technical description of the Nordic datahubs. We then review the conclusions from a gap analysis carried out by a technical working group on behalf of the Nordic Transmission System Operators (TSOs) to identify possible areas for harmonisation in the Nordic datahubs.

  • In the previous chapter, we have described the status with respect to the NordREG recommendations for more harmonised Nordic retail electricity markets as well as the status of the national datahub projects. In this chapter, we analyse whether the NordREG recommendations are likely to be met and the role of datahubs in that regard. In addition, we also consider further barriers to increased Nordic harmonisation that can be reduced through datahubs.

  • In the previous chapters, we identified barriers to cross-border competition in the Nordic electricity retail markets and concluded that the NordREG recommendations are to a large extent fulfilled once the planned datahubs are operational. Furthermore, we concluded that the underlying business processes in the hubs are harmonised to a significant extent and that further harmonisation of processes is largely dependent on regulatory decisions. However, we found that there are important barriers due to IT system costs that arise from the need to carry out certification and maintenance and change programs in each individual Nordic market. In this chapter, we therefore discuss how datahubs can reduce the barriers related to these IT system costs. We start by reviewing the potential benefits of further harmonisation from a market efficiency perspective, and also limitations to harmonisation that stem from regulation and requirements beyond data exchange. We then describe the most relevant measures that could be taken related to data exchange regimes, and carry out a high-level qualitative cost-benefit analysis of the different options. Finally, we give our recommendations on how datahubs can support harmonisation of the Nordic retail markets and increase cross-border competition.

  • We conducted a round of stakeholder interviews with suppliers, datahub responsible parties (DRP) and national regulatory authorities (NRAs) to identify their respective views, needs and expectations on retail market harmonisation and the effect that datahubs can have to further reduce market barriers across countries. In the following, we will summarise the main points raised.