Table of Contents

  • The Nordic model is unique, with its strong independent social partners, high rates of trade-union membership and extensive labour-market regulation through collective agreements. It is above all unique from a broader European and international perspective. It is a flexible model that has developed depending on the preconditions of each Nordic country. In Iceland and Finland, the collective agreements concluded by the social partners have general applicability, in Denmark and Sweden, the labour market is characterised by the freedom and right to conclude collective agreements, while in Norway, a combination of the two systems prevails. The Nordic model is the fundamental basis for achieving the goals on economic, social and ecological development, growth and welfare. The combination of strong welfare systems, flexible collective bargaining models and increasingly green companies and operations promotes growth and reinforces Nordic competiveness.