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  • 14 Jul 2005
  • Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Pages: 85
Investing in infrastructure for cycling has a number of effects often not included in ordinary Cost Benefit Analysis, CBA, for roads. It is therefore likely that special methods are needed to conduct CBA for cycling. In February 2005 a Nordic seminar...
The CO₂ emissions from passenger cars is declining. Some changes are due to ever improved technology provided by car manufacturers and others induced by political regulation. The report investigates the recent changes in CO₂ intensity in the car...
  • 19 Jan 2017
  • Pierpaolo Guarnieri, Anaïs Brethes, Thorkild M. Rasmussen, Anett Blischke, Ögmundur Erlendsson, Tobias Bauer
  • Pages: 182
Providing research and education at a high international level is a prerequisite for the raw material sector to develop competitive and cost effective exploration methods. The NordMin project CRUSDMID-3D is a consortium between research institutes,...
  • 26 Aug 2015
  • Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Pages: 143
An increasing share of intermittent renewable generation and reduced profitability of conventional power generation has led to a growing concern for capacity adequacy in the Nordic electricity market (Nord Pool market area).
  • 21 Dec 2007
  • Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Pages: 81
Capture of CO2 from industrial processes and geological storage may become a major option to mitigate man-made emissions of CO2. This study aims at providing understanding of the current state of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) in a climate...
  • 06 Aug 2017
  • Marja Salo, Maija K. Mattinen
  • Pages: 46
In this report, we look into Nordic carbon footprint calculators and selected benchmarks from other countries. We present data on 10 carbon footprint calculators for public use. The focus is on the features, recorded number of users, and experiences...
  • 28 Feb 2012
  • Martin Bo Hansen, Jens Sand Kirk, Helge Sigurd Næss-Schmidt
  • Pages: 88
Prissætning af CO2 anses generelt for at være et særdeles effektivt værktøj med henblik på at reducere CO2-udslippet. At prissætte CO2 skaber incitament for brugere og producenter af fossile brændsler til at reducere forbruget og udvikle produkter og...
  • 15 Jan 2007
  • Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Pages: 46
The Nordic countries are currently in the process of implementing and enforcing the EU Landfill Directive (1999/31/EC) and the associated Council Decision of 19 December 2002 establishing criteria and procedures for the acceptance of waste at...
  • 04 Oct 2018
  • North Atlantic Fisheries Intelligence Group
  • Pages: 93
Secrecy, or the ability to keep ones identity hidden behind a corporate veil, is a key facilitator of fisheries crime, includingtax crime and other ancillary crimes in the fisheries sector. Secrecy means that investigators “don’t know what they don’t...
  • 21 Apr 2008
  • Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Pages: 102
This report explores the social, economic, environmental and health benefits that can be achieved through sound management of chemicals. The report presents a series of case studies of initiatives to improve chemicals management in developing...
  • 04 Jan 2017
  • Tuula Honkonen, Sabaa A. Khan
  • Pages: 109
SAICM was established a decade ago as a voluntary approach to complement regulatory gaps to achieve sound management of chemicals by 2020. Despite significant actions taken since then, chemicals still pose a grave risk through the pollution of air,...
  • 15 Jun 2009
  • Maria Dam, Reinhold Fieler, Kim Gustavson, Claus Jørgensen, Magnus P. Magnussen, Gitte I. Petersen, Jostein Solbakken, Eva Yngvadottir
  • Pages: 82
Fish from Nordic fish farms have been criticized for containing "too high" concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) among others dioxin and PCB. These allegations have caused debate and may have a negative effect on the sale of products...
  • 12 Dec 2013
  • Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Pages: 62
According to international and national agreements and conventions children have a right to express their views in all matters affecting them. However it is one thing to state that children have a right to express their views and another to stipulate...
  • 29 Apr 2013
  • Henrik Bergsager, Anna Korppoo
  • Pages: 69
A significant share of the greenhouse gas emitting activities of China is operated by state owned enterprises (SOEs). This report, written by Fridtjof Nansen Institute for the Nordic Council of Ministers, discusses the role of SOEs on the electricity...
  • 30 Oct 2017
  • David Watson, Naoko Tojo, Bjørn Bauer, Leonidas Milios, Anja Charlotte Gylling, Harald Throne-Holst
  • Pages: 85
The circular economy offer opportunities to reduce resource use and waste whilst providing business opportunities. This is also true in the mobile phone industry that has been characterised by high rates of product obsolescence. The emergence of the...
The transition to Circular Economy necessitates right incentives for choosing products and services with lower environmental impacts, in the form of price signals and sufficient environmental information. An ecolabel indicates that the product is,...
Potential policy instruments that can accelerate a transition toward a circular economy in the Nordic construction sector, including demolition of buildings, are discussed and assessed. Sixteen interviews were carried out with actors representing...
  • 04 May 2017
  • Hanna Salmenperä, Niels Busch, Katriina Alhola, Sven-Olof Ryding
  • Pages: 56
This report provides a framework for circular procurement and discusses its possibilities to promote circular economy. Several best practice examples in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway illustrate how and in which sectors and product groups...
  • 08 Jun 2018
  • Arnfinn H. Midtbøen, Simon Roland Birkvad, Marta Bivand Erdal
  • Pages: 113
The Nordic countries have a century-long tradition for cooperation within the area of citizenship law. Since the mid-1970s, however, the Nordic countries have moved in different directions. Today, the Nordic countries represent the entire continuum...
  • 24 Jan 2018
  • Alexander Kristiansen, Barbro Sillrén, Dorrit Skals, Einar Oddsson, Elisabeth Kihlberg, Gro Hagen, Jussi Ollikka, Sara Yassine
  • Pages: 49
The chemical authorities in the Nordic countries(Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) have participated in this enforcement project focusing on inspecting classification and labelling of construction products according to the CLP...
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