Browse by: "2014"


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The report analyses the policy statements on Arctic issues released from 2010 by the EU institutions and the EU’s role-building in the Arctic political framework, notably the Arctic Council. It describes how the EU’s role in the Arctic is seen in...
  • 02 Dec 2014
  • Berit Hasler, Kristin Magnussen, Marianne Zandersen
  • Pages: 157
Human wellbeing is dependent upon and benefit from ecosystem services which are delivered by well-functioning ecosystems. Ecosystem services can be mapped and assessed consistently within an ecosystem service framework. This project aims to explore...
This report presents an overview of the ecosystem services and associated benefits provided by the Baltic Sea, including information on the approaches of assessing and valuing ecosystem services being applied in the Baltic Sea region. It also...
Det nordiska samarbetet är ett av världens mest omfattande regionala samarbeten. Det omfattar de nordiska länderna samt Färöarna, Grönland och Åland. Det nordiska samarbetet är politiskt,ekonomiskt och kulturellt förankrat. Den nordiska gemenskapen...
  • 20 Nov 2014
  • Edda Sigurdis Oddsdottir
  • Pages: 58
This report reflects on the achievements of the Selfoss Declaration on sustainable forestry in the Nordic region, made in 2008 by the Ministers of Forestry in the Nordic countries and the following reccommendations on how to implement the intention...
Exposure to endocrine disruptors(EDs) is suspected to lead to a number of negative effects on human health and for wildlife. In this report the costs for effects on male reproductive health (testicular cancer, hypospadias, cryptorchidism and...
  • 06 Nov 2014
  • Ida Drange, Cathrine Egeland
  • Pages: 164
Gender equality in the labour market is a key topic in the Nordic cooperation on gender equality. The Nordic Council of Ministers has asked NIKK, Nordic Information on Gender, to coordinate the project Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region. The aim of...
  • 04 Nov 2014
  • Eva Brorström-Lundén, Lennart Kaj, Petra Wallberg
  • Pages: 76
This report describes the findings of a Nordic environmental study. The quaternary ammoniums included are compounds which are used in large volumes in a variety of industrial, health sector and domestic products. The quaternary ammoniums are used to...
  • 17 Sep 2014
  • Arild Angelsen, Angelica Mendoza Beltrán, Michel Den Elzen, Caroline Wang Gierløff
  • Pages: 102
How can REDD credits be included in a future global carbon market, and what are the impacts of inclusion? We analyze ten different scenarios through 2020, varying the global emission caps and the REDD rules. An inclusion of REDD credits without any...
The demographic trends and financial constraints in the Nordic countries, and all over Europe, are posing challenges, especially in the health care sectors. The rising number of elderly with 'new' diseases, as well as new technology and inventions,...
  • 09 Sep 2014
  • Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Pages: 93
Consumer flexibility is often mentioned as a solution that can contribute to improved price formation in spot markets, increase supply of system services and potentially reduce local grid investments and operation costs. This report provides input to...
  • 01 Sep 2014
  • Rikard Jernlås, Maarit Korhonen, Esa Salminen, Risto Valo
  • Pages: 51
The Nordic Council of Ministers, the BAT Group under the Working Group for Sustainable Consumption and Production, has requested the consultant to prepare a report on Best Available Techniques (BAT) in wood preservation with chemicals in the Nordic...
  • 29 Aug 2014
  • M. Argimon, T. Badura, D. D’Amato, M. Kettunen, S. Kinnunen, P. Vihervaara
  • Pages: 290
Nature provides a range of benefits (ecosystem services) that underpin human and socio-economic well-being. Many of these benefits – and the associated economic values – are not acknowledged in decision-making. As a result, nature remains almost...
  • 29 Aug 2014
  • Britta Eklund
  • Pages: 40
Of Europe’s approximately 6 million boats almost half are found inthe Nordic countries. In spite of the long durability of plastic boats,the problem of End of Life Boats (ELB) now starts to arise. However,the responsibilities are unclear and there is...
  • 18 Aug 2014
  • Hrafnhildur Bragadóttir, Carl von Utfall Danielsson, Roland Magnusson, Sampo Seppänen, Amanda Stefansdotter, David Sundén
  • Pages: 207
The Working Group on Environment and Economy of the Nordic Council of Ministers publishes regular reports on the use of economic instruments in Nordic environmental policy. This report is part of that series and has two parts. Part 1 presents an...
  • 18 Aug 2014
  • Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Pages: 200
Arctic marine ecosystems are among the most productive and most vulnerable in the world, both from an economic and ecological perspective of growing accessibility. The complexity of Arctic marine ecosystems and their location poses challenges for...
  • 14 Aug 2014
  • Sepul Kanti Barua, Peer Berg, Annegrete Bruvoll, Christel Cederberg, Kenneth F. Drinkwater, Arne Eide, Emma Eythorsdottir, Sigurður Guðjónsson, Leo A. Gudmundsson, Per Gundersen, Alf Håkon Hoel, Jorun Jarp, Rikke Bagger Jørgensen, Juha Kantanen, Anne Kettunen-Præbel, Peter Løvendahl, Theo Meuwissen, Jørgen E. Olesen, Anders Portin, Odd Arne Rognli
  • Pages: 199
Climate change is expected to have a profound impact on natural resources, and thus on the primary industries (agriculture, forestry and fisheries) in the Nordic countries. Climate change induces risks but also creates possibilities for new...
Mushrooms recognised as edible have been collected and cultivated for many years. In the Nordic countries, the interest for eating mushrooms has increased. In order to ensure that Nordic consumers will be supplied with safe and well characterised,...
  • 09 Jul 2014
  • Kristine Fiksen, Marius Holm Rennesund, Berit Tennbakk, Justin Wolst
  • Pages: 56
Implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive in the Nordic countries may affect the development of a common Nordic end-user market in electricity. As the period up to 2020 is too short to develop harmonized energy efficiency policy measures, we...
  • 02 Jul 2014
  • Guy Ahonen, Lars Foldspang, Laurits Rømer Hjorth, Ulf Johansson, Christian Langholz-Carstensen, Michael Mark, Otto Melchior Poulsen, Louise Lund Rants, Steinar Aasnæss
  • Pages: 81
Globalisation and demographic trends underline the twin challenge of the Nordics with productivity stagnation and a decreasing work force. Increasing productivity and the work force will be an answer to both. A good work environment can do both: If...
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