Sustainable agriculture

Agriculture has a significant position with respect to the environment, especially due to the amount of land and water it uses. Agriculture is recognized to produce both positive (e.g. carbon sequestration) and negative environmental externalities (e.g. water pollution), that are not reflected in agricultural GDP as there are few markets for these externalities. The value of the positive and negative externalities generated by agriculture are likely to be substantial, but no comprehensive monetary assessment of these costs and benefits currently exists. The organic farming area has risen in all of the Nordic countries since 2000. Organic farming is a form of agriculture that relies on the management of ecosystems and seeks to reduce or refrain from adding material. It is especially important not to add artificial substances, such as fertilizers or chemical pesticides. Organic farming tends to have lower intensity than conventional farming. It is an approach that looks at the big picture and intends to develop an ecosystem that can survive for a very long time (sustainable agriculture), a diversity of species (biodiversity) and ecosystem live in the soil (topsoil). For more information:


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