Risk Management of Foodborne Zoonotic Bacteria from Farm to Table in the Nordic Countries

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This report presents an overview of the existing risk management systems for food borne zoonotic pathogens within each Nordic country, containing contributions from each country. Each contribution presents the overall food safety policy in that specific country, and outlines the structure and organisation of the food control systems, the food safety legislation, the control and registration of foodstuffs, and monitoring/surveillance programmes. The report includes a discussion on views and experiences concerning risk management for food safety based on the farm to table continuum. The strength and weaknesses of the risk management systems in the Nordic countries are discussed and it is concluded that the process could be more structured so that the transparency and documentation of the process is improved.



Risk Management from Farm to Table

During the recent years almost 8000 cases of food related illnesses caused by pathogenic micro-organisms in foodstuffs have been registered annually at the State Serum Institute of Denmark. However, only part of the food-borne illnesses are diagnosed and registered, and the true incidence of illnesses related to food is estimated to be at least ten times larger than the number of registered cases. In the future, the authorities wish to set up food safety objectives, which may encompass the disease incidence in humans, and the acceptable level of a pathogen in foods or even specific microbiological criteria. These food safety objectives represent the authorities’ reference points in their work towards the reduction of the level of a certain pathogen.


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