Alkaloids in edible lupin seeds

A toxicological review and recommendations

image of Alkaloids in edible lupin seeds

The report reviews the toxicity data on inherent natural toxicants in lupin seeds, especially quinolizidin alkaloids. Lupin seeds are increasingly used in the Nordic countries, partially substituting wheat flour in certain foods. An estimation of the risk by consuming foods containing lupin seeds in the Nordic countries and recommendations to better ensure the safe use of these seeds in foods are given.




The scope of this report has been to focus on the toxicity of the alkaloids in white lupin (Lupinus albus) and in the narrow-leaved lupin (Lupinus angustifolius). Therefore, other inherent constituents with putative adverse effects in these lupins, e.g. allergens, isoflavones, erucic acid and high manganese content as well as contaminants, mycotoxins, especially the phomosins are not dealt with in details (see Section 4.3.3).


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error