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The populations living in the Nordic countries have expanded rapidly during the last centuries. Though, some regions have experienced a decline in the population during the years, all of the Nordic countries have experienced growth. The share of population 80 years or older has increased since 1990. This increase is partly due to the fact that the death rate has fallen for almost all age groups and partly that the number of births has been low during the same period. Immigration includes both returning citizens and citizens of a foreign nation who have been granted permission to stay and are registered with the public authorities. A large proportion of the migration occurs between and among the Nordic countries themselves, largely as the result of the free labour market and liberal rules for the exchange of students in the Nordic countries. For more information:

Keywords:  demography, immigration, population, asylum, migration

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Nordic Council of Ministers

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This indicator shows the number of inhabitants per sq. km. land area in the Nordic region. The land area is the total area less water area and ice cap area. Greenland: Per sq. km. ice free area. Finland: Includes Aland. Norway: Inhabitants distributed on the total land area of the mainland. Persons on Jan Mayen and in Norwegian settlements on Svalbard are normally registered as residents in a municipality on the mainland. For more information:

Keywords:  population density
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