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The populations living in the Nordic countries have expanded rapidly during the last centuries. Though, some regions have experienced a decline in the population during the years, all of the Nordic countries have experienced growth. The share of population 80 years or older has increased since 1990. This increase is partly due to the fact that the death rate has fallen for almost all age groups and partly that the number of births has been low during the same period. Immigration includes both returning citizens and citizens of a foreign nation who have been granted permission to stay and are registered with the public authorities. A large proportion of the migration occurs between and among the Nordic countries themselves, largely as the result of the free labour market and liberal rules for the exchange of students in the Nordic countries. For more information:

Keywords:  demography, immigration, population, asylum, migration

Induced abortions You or your institution have access to this content

Nordic Council of Ministers

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This indicator shows the number of legally induced abortions per 1 000 women in the childbearing age in the Nordic region. Since the mid 1970s, induced abortions have been available in most of the Nordic countries. In Denmark, Greenland, Norway and Sweden, it is entirely up to the pregnant woman in the early stages of pregnancy to determine whether to have an abortion. In Denmark, Greenland, Norway and Sweden, it is solely up to the pregnant woman herself to decide whether an abortion is to be performed, while permission is required in the Faroe Islands, Finland, Aland and Iceland. Such permission is given on the basis of social and/or medical criteria. For more information:

Keywords:  abortion, children, induced abortion
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