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The publication series Nord consists of year books, debate books and other special book publications and reports with a special branding profile.

Annual reports and debate books typically take a critical look at a special theme. For example, former publications include year books on language, ideas of a Nordic union, copyright legislation etc.

Special book publications include books about Nordic nature or the Nordic Statistical Yearbook (the 2014 edition will be the last yearbook published).

Nord publications cover subject matters in areas of Nordic co-operation for which there is a political desire for a particular focus, including climate solutions, green technology, welfare issues, cultural issues, and research and education.

Nordic Statistical Yearbook 2011

Nordic Statistical Yearbook 2011

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Nordic Council of Ministers
16 Nov 2011
9789289341240 (PDF)

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Nordic Statistical Yearbook 2011 is published for the 49th time. It is a reference book containing comprehensive and easily accessible statistics of various aspects of social life in the five Nordic countries, i.e. Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. In addition data are also presented on the Faroe Islands, Greenland and the Åland Islands. The aim of the yearbook is, as far as possible, to present comparable data on the Nordic countries. Additional tables can be accessed free of charge via our homepage. Here It is also possible to read and download the Nordic Statistical Yearbook in pdf format free of charge. Den nordiske statistiske årbog udkommer nu for 49. gang. Årbogen er et opslagsværk som har til hensigt at give en sammenfattende og overskuelig redegørelse for statistikken over samfundsforholdene i de fem nordiske lande Danmark, Finland, Island, Norge og Sverige. I mange af tabellerne findes desuden oplysninger om Færøerne, Grønland og Åland. Formålet med årbogen er at fremlægge gensidigt sammenlignelige oplysninger om de nordiske lande. Yderligere tabeller er tilgængelige gratis via vores netsted. Her er det også muligt helt gratis at læse og downloade bogen i pdfformat.

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  • Preface

    The Nordic countries have much in common – their way of life, history, language and social structure. Many of these common features and the results of their joint efforts may be described by statistics. This is why the Nordic Council of Ministers publishes the Nordic Statistical Yearbook.

  • The Nordic region in an international context – key figures. 2010
  • The Nordic countries
  • Sustainable development

    A set of indicators has been developed by the Nordic countries – Focus on sustainable development – Nordic indicators. The indicators focus on the three dimensions of sustainable development: integration of environmental, social and economic factors.

  • Geography and climate

    The Nordic countries cover an area of almost 3.5 million square kilometres. The southernmost point is called Gedser and is located on the island of Falster in Denmark at 55° North. The northernmost point is Nordkap in Norway which is located at 71° North. Three of the Nordic capitals – Oslo, Stockholm and Helsinki – are located close to the same latitude as the southernmost point of Greenland.

  • Environment and energy

    We have plenty of untouched nature, clean water and fresh air in the Nordic countries, but we must keep a close eye on the environment so that future generations will be able to enjoy this. In the Nordic countries, there is a long tradition of cooperating on natural and environmental issues.

  • Population

    At the beginning of the 20th century, almost 12 million people lived in the Nordic countries. Today, the population has increased to over 25 million people – more than a doubling. The strongest growth is seen in Greenland, where the population has multiplied by almost five, from 12 000 to 56 000 people. In Iceland the increase has gone from 78 000 to 318 000 people. The population on the Faroe Islands has more than tripled, from 15 000 to 48 500 people. The Swedish and Ålandic populations are the only ones that have not at least doubled.

  • Health

    Health service in the Nordic countries is public and, to a large extent, financed through taxes or through compulsory health insurance schemes. In all Nordic countries, except Greenland, citizens contribute directly, either through insurance schemes or by paying user charges for treatment or for pharmaceutical products. In Iceland, contributions are primarily made by the central government, while financing in the other countries consists mainly of county and municipal taxes with block grants from the government.

  • Social integration

    The Nordic model of society is known for its universal welfare system. Core values are equal opportunities, social solidarity and security for all. It is about social rights and principles and the principle that everyone should have equal access to social and health services, education and culture.

  • Income

    The Nordic countries differentiate themselves from other countries by combining high standards of living and a relatively even distribution of income. However, the financing of the Nordic welfare model entails a heavy tax burden and a major redistribution of income, compared with most other countries in the world.

  • Housing and construction

    The share of one- and two-family houses out of the entire building stock is highest in Denmark and Åland with almost 60 per cent in Denmark and almost 70 per cent in Åland and lowest in Sweden with approximately 45 per cent. Private ownership of such dwellings, whether a house or an apartment, is common.

  • Education

    The Nordic countries have in general the same view on both teaching and education. Equal access to – life long – learning, training in the principles of democracy, independence and critical awareness are some of the central issues. The Nordic countries more or less also share the same view regarding the major role the state plays when it comes to education.

  • Labour market

    The Nordic labour markets share many common characteristics. Nordic salaries and working conditions are quite considerably regulated by collective bargaining agreements. Unions and employers are also very much involved in drafting legislation, in particular legislation governing the labour market. This model has helped develop a Nordic labour market characterised by a high degree of equality, security and consensus. The model has also played a crucial role in the evolution of the Nordic welfare society as we know it today.

  • Elections

    Nordic parliaments are now all based on a one-chamber system. The Norwegian parliament did actually function as two separate chambers until 2009 when dealing with certain issues. The Icelandic Althing, founded in 930 AD, is reputed to be the oldest working parliament in the world.

  • Culture

    Culture is one of the main components of co-operation between the Nordic countries, and has long acted as a bridge, improving understanding of the neighbouring peoples and the shared values.

  • The Economy

    The over-arching objectives for Nordic co-operation are stable and sustainable economic growth; development of the Nordic welfare model; economic integration in the Nordic region, the Baltic Sea region and Europe; and the promotion of joint Nordic interests at international level.

  • Foreign trade

    Nordic cooperation is characterized largely by the international community and the global challenges and opportunities. The Nordic countries, which are relatively small, can benefit greatly by obtaining common use in cooperation with other countries and institutions.

  • Public finance and prices

    The Nordic countries are often characterized as public welfare societies because the public sector takes care of many different tasks in addition to defence, law, public order and safety. Tax rates are also among the highest in the world.

  • Agriculture, forestry and fishery

    The primary sector comprising agriculture, forestry, fishery and hunting only accounts for a small part of total employment in the Nordic countries: from 2.2 per cent of employment in Sweden to 6.0 per cent of employment in Iceland. However, the sector indirectly forms the basis for a considerable part of production and employment. This is partly due to the fact that products from agriculture, forestry, fishery and hunting are used as raw materials in manufacturing and in other industries, and partly that many goods and services are required by the capital-intensive primary sector, such as agricultural machinery, wood-cutting equipment, fishing vessels etc., as well as maintenance and services incidental to this machinery and equipment.

  • Science and technology

    Research and development (R&D) comprises creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. The purpose of statistics on R&D is to estimate resources devoted to this activity in all sectors – in particular, science and industry.

  • User guide

    The Nordic Statistical Yearbook 2011 is published by the Nordic Council of Ministers. In the context of the yearbook a database is also given access to on the website of the Nordic Council of Ministers.

  • Geonomenclature

    Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland.

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